Glossary & Picture Library, learn

The Spark of Confidence

Glossary

Saturation

Intensity and purity of colour in a diamond. Both cape series diamonds and fancy shape diamonds are graded on a scale of increasing saturation, in addition to hue and tone.

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Scintillation

Sparkle of a diamond as light reflects off of its surface when it is moving, seen as quickly shifting flashes of light. The amount and intensity of sparkle depends on the quality of polish, as well as the size, shape, and symmetrical arrangement of facets.

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Seal

Plastic covering that provides a safeguard against loose diamonds being lost or damaged. Laboratory sealing has a number of security features including electrostatic security bars, pressure-sensitive transparent adhesive and cryptoprint text which only becomes visible after opening the seal.

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Shape

Name for the basic outline of a polished diamond. Examples of shapes are round, emerald , and pear.

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Simulant

Any material that is meant to look like or imitate a diamond, but is not a natural or synthetic diamond. Examples of diamond simulants: cubic zirconia, moissanite, and glass.

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Single-Cut

Diamond cut or shaped in an old-style cut with only 16 facets- 8 on the crown and 8 on the pavilion. This simple diamond cut is still used at times today for extremely small diamonds. Also known as an eight cut.

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Star Facets

Triangle shaped facets on a round brilliant cut diamond surrounding the table facet. When viewed as a whole, they resemble an 8-point star.

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Step Cut

A style of diamond cutting creating rows or steps of elongated facets, running parallel to the girdle on both the crown and the pavilion.

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Symmetry

Degree and regularity in shape and placement of facets, how well they align and relate to each other. Symmetry is very important to the life in a diamond, especially the brilliance; it affects how light is reflected and refracted in a diamond. Symmetrical round brilliant cut diamonds often display hearts & arrows.

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Synthetic Diamond

Man-made versions of the diamonds found in the earth. Synthetic diamonds have the same chemical structure and properties as natural diamonds, but are created in a laboratory in only a few days, instead of in the earth over billions of years - they sell at a much lower price. Click here to learn more about synthetic diamonds.

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latest news

Monday 12 June, 2017

GEM DIAMONDS FINDS TWO LARGE ROCKS AT FLAGSHIP MINE IN LESOTHO

Africa focused Gem Diamonds has discovered two diamonds bigger than 100 carats at its Letšeng mine in Lesotho, which should help the company boost revenue and investors confidence.

Tuesday 6 June, 2017

KIMBERLEY DIAMONDS CLOSES ITS LAST MINE

Controversial Australia-based miner Kimberley Diamonds has put its last remaining diamond mine into administration after it failed to secure fresh funding.

Monday 5 June, 2017

DE BEERS GOES TO COURT OVER SOUTH AFRICA EXPORT LEVY

De Beers Consolidated Mines (DBCM) is reportedly appealing to the Pretoria High Court in South Africa to set aside a decision by the South African Minister of Minerals Mosebenzi Zwane requiring DBCM to pay a levy on diamonds exported from South Africa to Botswana for the purpose of aggregation.

Thursday 18 May, 2017

DE BEERS TAPS INTO POLISHED DIAMONDS MARKET WITH FIRST-TIME AUCTION

Anglo American’s De Beers, the world’s largest rough diamond producer by value, has decided to begin selling its own polished diamonds in auctions for the first time in its history.

Wednesday 17 May, 2017

SOTHEBY'S SELLS THE APOLLO AND ARTEMIS DIAMONDS FOR £44.9 MILLION

Wednesday 10 May, 2017

US WOBBLE TAKES SHINE OFF PANDORA SALES

Pandora reported strong growth in the first quarter, but US store closures and sluggish mall traffic dented its performance stateside.

Sunday 7 May, 2017

IMPORTANT ADVICE ON HOW TO SELL YOUR DIAMONDS

If you are you considering selling your diamond, but feel as though you have no idea how or where to begin with the process?