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The Spark of Confidence

Glossary

Baguette Cut

Diamond cut or shaped into a rectangle with sharp corners, and rows or steps of elongated facets running parallel to the girdle on both the crown and the pavilion.

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Bearding

Bearding refers to tiny, hairline cracks along the girdle of a diamond that look like whiskers penetrating into it; the girdle can then appear to have a “fuzzy” outline. Bearding can affect both the clarity grade and the polish grade of a diamond.

  

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Bezel Facets

Kite-shaped facets on the crown of brilliant cut diamonds. Also known as “top-main” facets.

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Black Diamond

A very dark, opaque diamond which appears black. Black diamonds are heavily included with graphite, blocking all or almost all transmission of light.

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Blemish

A blemish is a flaw on the exterior of a diamond, such as a scratch, abrasion, nick or chip. Blemishes are plotted (drawn) in “green” on the plotting diagram of a diamond certificate. Blemishes affect the polish grade of a diamond.

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Blood Diamond

Diamonds that originate from areas controlled by rebel forces that are opposed to the governments in power, and are used to finance wars against these governments along with other resources like oil and timber. The Kimberley Process has been put in place to combat trade in blood diamonds, also known as 'conflict diamonds'. Click here to learn more about conflict diamonds and the Kimberley Process.

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Blue Diamond

A coloured diamond with a natural blue body colour. Blue must be the predominant colour, but it may be modified by shades of grey, purple, or green. The colour in natural blue diamonds is created by the carbon-boron when the diamond is forming. Natural blue diamonds are extremely rare; some blue coloured diamonds with sufficient saturation fall into the valuable fancy blue colour category of diamonds.

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Blue-white

An informal and often misused trade expression that refers to a completely colourless diamond. The diamonds were usually lower cape series diamonds with strong blue fluorescence.

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Bow Tie

The bow tie effect is a dark shadow across the center of a fancy shape diamond, in the shape of a man’s bow tie. This may be a sign of a poorly cut diamond - it is normally seen in diamonds that are cut too flat, too deep, or with badly arranged pavilion facets.

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Briefca

A small folded envelope-like paper used to safely hold a diamond. Information about the diamond is generally written or printed on the outside of the briefca.

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Brilliance

The amount and intensity of light reflected to the eye through the surface of a diamond. Brilliance is a very important factor in creating beauty and life in a diamond. The proportions of the diamond are most important for light return, but all aspects of the four c’s contribute to creating brilliance.

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Brilliant Cut

A style of diamond cut, using triangular or kite shaped facets that radiate out from the center of the diamond to the girdle. The standard round brilliant cut consists of 32 facets plus a table above the girdle and 24 facets plus a culet below the girdle. Other shapes besides round can be faceted as brilliant cuts, including marquise cut, oval cut, pear cut, heart cut, and radiant cut diamonds.

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Briolette Diamond

Diamond cut or shaped into a full tear-drop with a circular cross section; briolettes are generally covered with triangular facets.

Necklace with a dangling Briolette Pendent

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Brown Diamond

In natural diamond the colour is related to a lattice imperfection. This can be mimicked in synthetic or treated diamond by a variety of treatments including annealing, heating or irradiating. The heat and pressure or irradiation can result in the lattice deviation resulting in the brown or pink colour.

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Bruted Girdle

An unpolished diamond girdle, with a rough or frost-like appearance. The girdle may be either bruted, faceted, or polished.

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Burn Mark

A blemish on the surface of a diamond that looks like an oily or frosted area. When a diamond is polished too quickly, heat from excessive friction builds up and leaves a mark on the surface. Burn marks affect the polish grade of a diamond.

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latest news

Monday 12 June, 2017

GEM DIAMONDS FINDS TWO LARGE ROCKS AT FLAGSHIP MINE IN LESOTHO

Africa focused Gem Diamonds has discovered two diamonds bigger than 100 carats at its Letšeng mine in Lesotho, which should help the company boost revenue and investors confidence.

Tuesday 6 June, 2017

KIMBERLEY DIAMONDS CLOSES ITS LAST MINE

Controversial Australia-based miner Kimberley Diamonds has put its last remaining diamond mine into administration after it failed to secure fresh funding.

Monday 5 June, 2017

DE BEERS GOES TO COURT OVER SOUTH AFRICA EXPORT LEVY

De Beers Consolidated Mines (DBCM) is reportedly appealing to the Pretoria High Court in South Africa to set aside a decision by the South African Minister of Minerals Mosebenzi Zwane requiring DBCM to pay a levy on diamonds exported from South Africa to Botswana for the purpose of aggregation.

Thursday 18 May, 2017

DE BEERS TAPS INTO POLISHED DIAMONDS MARKET WITH FIRST-TIME AUCTION

Anglo American’s De Beers, the world’s largest rough diamond producer by value, has decided to begin selling its own polished diamonds in auctions for the first time in its history.

Wednesday 17 May, 2017

SOTHEBY'S SELLS THE APOLLO AND ARTEMIS DIAMONDS FOR £44.9 MILLION

Wednesday 10 May, 2017

US WOBBLE TAKES SHINE OFF PANDORA SALES

Pandora reported strong growth in the first quarter, but US store closures and sluggish mall traffic dented its performance stateside.

Sunday 7 May, 2017

IMPORTANT ADVICE ON HOW TO SELL YOUR DIAMONDS

If you are you considering selling your diamond, but feel as though you have no idea how or where to begin with the process?